Lets keep it simple

At the start the world of Cloth Nappies can be very overwhelming, but fear not!
Below is a simple guide to Cloth nappies, we breakdown the types of Cloth Nappy and materials that make up the Nappies.
We cover basic fitting of a Cloth Nappy and have included basic washing and care routines to help you get the most out of Cloth Nappies.
If you need advice we are more than happy to help and have been using cloth on our own children for over 4 years now, alternatively our Facebook Group Little Goat Gruff Chat is a fantastic place to get advice from other Cloth Nappy users.

Lets keep it simple

The Cloth
Nappy Guide

Types of Nappies

All in One - The closest to a disposable - Often they will need boosting as baby’s get older/bigger.

All in Twos - Comprising of a wrap and pop in insert, you can just change the insert if babies only Wet and reuse the outer wrap. 

Fitted / Two Parters - Usually the most absorbent - needs a waterproof wrap over the top.

Wraps / Covers - The waterproof outer, to be used over fitted nappies or with prefolds or inserts, basically anything absorbent can be laid inside.

 Pockets - These are fleece lined with a hole at the back to stuff your Absorbent inserts into. 


Microfibre (mf) – Quick to absorb but can leak if compressed eg in a baby carrier or car seat or by a tight vest etc 

Cotton – Quick to absorb and holds better than microfibre

Bamboo – Slower to absorb, holds better than microfibre

Hemp- Can be slow to absorb, but is very retentive - hemps usually mixed with cotton.

Nappy wraps/shells/outers are usually made from:

PUL: Polyurethane laminated fabric -this is the most common material: it’s very waterproof, but if nappy is soaked, may wick through stitching

TPU: Thermoplastic polyurethane, similar to PUL but more breathableFleece: This repels moisture but allows evaporation

 Most reusable nappies are fastened  by poppers or snaps or hook and loop (such as Velcro or Aplix)

Fitting Your Nappies

Cloth Nappies fit slightly different to disposables.

Start Lower on the baby's back, just at the top of the pelvis.

Bring the nappy up through the baby's legs and tuck the elastic edge into the 'knicker line' - this part is crucial!

Pull the hip 'wings' up and over the babies hips before popping to create a good leg seal.

Make sure none of the absorbent parts of the nappies are poking out - this could cause wicking and leaks.

Nappy should fit snugly specially around the legs, but not too tight, a gap at the waist is fine, you should be able to run a finger between the nappy and the baby, but there should not be any gaps around the legs.

When you remove the nappy some 'sock marks' are fine just like us when we take our socks off at the end of the day.

All liners/nappies/boosters/wraps are interchangeable but some do fit better than others.

If the waterproof is built-in you do not need a wrap over the top.

If the nappy or wrap has two rows of closure poppers, you may find it easier to close the lower ones first to ensure a good fit round the legs, before closing the waist poppers.

If the nappy or wrap has ‘riser’ poppers to change its size, start with it on the smallest setting.

How To Wash Your Nappies

Remove poo, if required (breast milk poo is fully water soluble and does not need rinsing) the basic rule is no lumps! Marks are fine.

Store used nappies in a wetbag or wash basket until wash day – usually every 2- 3 days.

Soaking is not usually necessary, and never necessary for nappies that are just wet 1 it can damage the elastics and PULSecure Velcro laundry tabs.

Do a cold or lukewarm rinse OR quick wash open your machine and ‘fluff’ the nappies so they are not stuck to the machine and pull any inserts out that haven’t fallen out themselves.

60 degree long wash - usually your cotton cycle using Powder detergent. Do not use the eco setting as this reduces the water and may not get nappies clean.

All washing machines are different you will need to work out how much detergent to use and which cycles work best for you.

You want all dirt removed (some staining is normal) and for the nappies to smell of nothing at all. 

Start with a full dose for hard water, and if the nappies come out smelling of detergent rinse them again and use less detergent next time.

If they come out smelling of wee, wash them again with more detergent.

If you still have suds at the end of the cycle add an extra rinse.


Stains are normal, hang them in the windows and the UV Light will get rid of them even on non sunny days!

Do not use direct heat such as radiators or heated airers.

Peg hangers (or Sock Hangers) hung in a warm place with good airflow work well.

You may occasionally tumble dry nappies on low but it’s best avoided as will reduced their life span.

And that's about it :)

We are always happy to help you, be it choosing what type of nappy to use, washing or fitting. Simply call us or send us an email or a message vis one of our social platforms.